Nyepi is a balinese “Day of Silence” that is commemorated every Isakawarsa (Saka new year). The main restrictions during this period are no lighting fires (and lights must be kept low); no working; no entertainment or pleasure; no traveling; and for some, no talking or eating at all. The day must be respected by locals and tourists.
On the day after Nyepi, known as Ngembak Geni, social activity picks up again quickly, as families and friends gather to ask forgiveness from one another, and to perform certain religious rituals together.
Here is a description of the rituals celebrated
The Melasti Ritual
First, The Melasti Ritual is performed at the 3-4 previous day. It is dedicated to Sanghyang Widhi Wasa and is performed at the beach to respect them as the owner of The Land and Sea.
The ritual performed in Pura (Balinese temple) near the sea (Pura Segara) and meant to purify Arca, Pratima, and Pralingga (sacred objects) belongs to several temples, also to acquire sacred water from the sea.
The Bhuta Yajna Ritual
Second, The Bhuta Yajna Ritual is performed in order to vanquish the negative elements and create balance with God, Mankind, and Nature. The ritual also meant to appease Batara Kala by Pecaruan offering.
Devout Hindu Balinese villages usually make ogoh-ogoh, demonic statues made of bamboo and paper symbolizing negative elements or malevolent spirits. After the ogoh-ogoh have been paraded around the village, the Ngrupuk ritual takes place, which involves burning the ogoh-ogoh.
The Nyepi Rituals
Third, The Nyepi Rituals is performed with the following conditions:
- Amati Geni: No fire/light, including no electricity
- Amati Karya: No working
- Amati Lelunganan: No travelling
- Amati Lelanguan: Fasting and no revelry/self-entertainment
The Yoga/Brata Ritual
Fourth, The Yoga/Brata Ritual starts at 6:00 AM and continues to 6:00 AM the next day.
The Ngembak Agni/Labuh Brata Ritual
Fifth, The Ngembak Agni/Labuh Brata Ritual is performed for all Hindus to forgive each other and to welcome the new days to come.
The Dharma Shanti Rituals
Sixth and finally, The Dharma Shanti Rituals is performed as the Nyepi Day or “Day of Silence.”