Nyepi Day

Celebrating Galungan day with the traditional bamboo being decorated (penjor) .

Nyepi is a balinese “Day of Silence” that is commemorated every Isakawarsa (Saka new year) according to the Balinese calendar (in 2014, it falls onMarch 31). It is a Hindu celebration mainly celebrated in Bali. Nyepi, a public holiday in Indonesia, is a day of silence, fasting and meditation for the Balinese. The day following Nyepi is also celebrated as New Year’s Day.

Nyepi is observed from 6 a.m. until 6 a.m. the next morning. It is a day reserved for self reflection and as such, anything that might interfere with that purpose is restricted.

The main restrictions are:
no lighting fires (and lights must be kept low); no working; no entertainment or pleasure; no traveling; and for some, no talking or eating at all.

The effect of these prohibitions is that Bali’s usually bustling streets and roads are empty, there is little or no noise from TVs and radios, and few signs of activity are seen even inside homes. The only people to be seen outdoors are the Pecalang, traditional security men who patrol the streets to ensure the prohibitions are being followed.

Although Nyepi is primarily a Hindu holiday, non-Hindu residents of Bali observe the day of silence as well, out of respect for their fellow citizens. Even tourists are not exempt; although free to do as they wish inside their hotels, no one is allowed onto the beaches or streets, and the only airport in Bali remains closed for the entire day. The only exceptions granted are for emergency vehicles carrying those with life-threatening conditions and women about to give birth.

On the day after Nyepi, known as Ngembak Geni, social activity picks up again quickly, as families and friends gather to ask forgiveness from one another, and to perform certain religious rituals together.

There are 4 restrictions in performing Nyepi:

(Catur Brata Penyepian)

Do not start a fire during Nyepi day, where a fire is meant here is kroda human traits, such as anger.

Brata observe geni symbolized by switching off lights during Nyepi day. It should be obeyed and preserved of all time, but still have exception like the sick people, babies or the elderly age.

While the ignition for the benefit of the ceremony on Nyepi Day must remain until the limit before the sun rises.

No working; no entertainment or pleasure.

This Brata Nyepi day meant that the people should not do the job, but that does not mean at all activities. Activities that should not be done is the nature of gambling activities that must be neutralized with mind control.

In real chess brata this seclusion can indirectly contribute to the preservation of the environment, especially to reduce the impact of global warming, even if only on a small scale and a very narrow area, you can imagine if the whole world chess brata penyepian implement the air pollution will be reduced. Of course, the psychological aspect is also very useful because it can eliminate boredom from routine tasks.

No traveling.

This Brata Nyepi day meant that the people should not travel frequently but should remain silent in the house.

Is to train our minds to not always wild but always remember in a self introspection.

This Brata Nyepi day meant that the people should not be carrying out activities or riotous fun.

Entertainment in addition helps to eliminate boredom will unconsciously forget yourself and make a fall.

When people should be able to carry out a fast. and, for some, no talking or eating at all.

The effect of these prohibitions is that Bali’s usually bustling streets and roads are empty, there is little or no noise from TVs and radios, and few signs of activity are seen even inside homes. The only people to be seen outdoors are the Pecalang, traditional security men who patrol the streets to ensure the prohibitions are being followed.

Although Nyepi is primarily a Hindu holiday, non-Hindu residents of Bali observe the day of silence as well, out of respect for their fellow citizens. Even tourists are not exempt; although free to do as they wish inside their hotels, no one is allowed onto the beaches or streets, and the only airport in Bali remains closed for the entire day. The only exceptions granted are for emergency carrying those with life-threatening conditions and women about to give birth.

On the day after Nyepi, known as Ngembak Geni, social activity picks up again quickly, as families and friends gather to ask forgiveness from one another, and to perform certain religious rituals together.

nyepi-2014-10

The Ritual before Nyepi and after

First:  The Melasti Ritual is performed 3-4 days beforehand. It is dedicated to Sanghyang Widhi Wasa. The ritual is performed in Temple near the sea (Segara Temple) and meant to purify Arca, Pratima, and Pralingga (sacred objects) belonging to several temples, also to acquire sacred water from the sea.

Second: The Bhuta Yajna Ritual is performed in order to vanquish the negative elements and create a balance with God, Mankind, and Nature. The ritual is also meant to appease Batara Kala by Pecaruan offering. Devout Hindu Balinese villages usually make Ogoh-Ogoh demonic statues made of bamboo and paper symbolizing negative elements or malevolent spirits. After the ogoh-ogoh have been paraded around the village, the Ngrupuk ritual takes place, which involves burning the ogoh-ogoh.

Third: the Nyepi Rituals are performed as follows:

  1. Amati Geni: No fire or light, including no electricity
  2. Amati Karya: No working
  3. Amati Lelunganan: No travelling
  4. Amati Lelanguan: Fasting and no revelry/self-entertainment

Fourth: the Yoga/Brata Ritual starts at 6:00 a.m. and continues to 6:00 p.m. the next day.
Fifth:the Ngembak Agni/Labuh Brata Ritual is performed for all Hindus to forgive each other and to welcome the new days to come.
Sixth and finally: The Dharma Shanti Rituals is performed after all the Nyepi rituals finished.